The Battle of Buxar was fought on October 22, 1764 between the British East India Company and the combined forces of the Mughal Emperor, Shuja-ud-Daula and the Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim. The battle took place near the town of Buxar in the present-day state of Bihar, India.
The conflict arose as the British East India Company, which was rapidly expanding its commercial interests in India, sought to secure a monopoly on trade in Bengal and the surrounding regions. The Mughal Emperor and the Nawab of Bengal, who saw their own power and influence being threatened, formed an alliance to resist the British.
The Battle of Buxar was a significant turning point in Indian history. Despite being vastly outnumbered, the British forces, under the command of Hector Munro, emerged victorious. The victory solidified British control over Bengal and the surrounding regions, and marked the beginning of the British Raj in India.
The outcome of the Battle of Buxar had far-reaching consequences for India. The Mughal Empire, which had been in decline for several decades, was dealt a severe blow, and its power was further diminished. The Nawab of Bengal was forced to cede control of the region to the British, and the East India Company was granted the diwani, or right to collect revenue, in Bengal and Bihar.
The Battle of Buxar also marked the beginning of a new phase of British rule in India, as the East India Company consolidated its power and began to expand its territorial holdings. The victory was a key moment in the establishment of British colonial rule in India, and helped to lay the foundation for the eventual creation of the British Raj.
Today, the Battle of Buxar is remembered as a significant event in Indian history and is considered an important milestone in the transition from Mughal rule to British rule in India. It continues to be studied by historians and students of Indian history, who are fascinated by the complex and interrelated events that shaped the course of Indian history and shaped the modern-day Indian nation.