What are the Fundamental Rights?
- Fundamental rights are the basic human rights which are guaranteed to all citizens of India.
- They are applied without discrimination on the basis of race, caste, religion, gender, place of birth etc.
- Fundamental rights are enforceable by the courts.
List of Fundamental Rights
There are six fundamental rights of Indian Constitution
- Right to Equality(Article 14-18)
- Right to Freedom(Article 19-22)
- Right against Exploitation(Article 23-24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion(Article 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights(Article 29-30)
- Right to Constitutional Remedies(Article 32)
1. Right of Equality(Article 14-18) :
- Article 14 : Equality before law.
- Article 15 : Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth or any of them.
- Article 16 : Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17 : Abolition of untouchability.
- Article 18 : Abolition of title.
2. Right to Freedom(Article 19-22) :
- Article 19 : Freedom of Speech
- Article 20 : Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
- Article 21 : Protection of life and personal liberty.
- Article 22 : Protection against Arbitrary Arrest and Detention.
3. Right against Exploitation(Article 23-24)
- Article 23 : Prohibition of traffic in human beings and force labour.
- Article 24 : Prohibition of employment of childern under 14 year of age in any factory, mine and hazardous.
4. Right to Freedom of Religion(Article 25-28)
- Article 25 : Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
- Article 26 : Freedom to manage religious affairs.
- Article 27 : Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
- Article 28 : Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
5. Cultural and Educational Rights(Article 29-30)
- Article 29 : Protection of interests of minorities.
- Article 30 : Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies(Article 32)
- Article 32 : Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this part.
Article 31A : Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc.
Article 31B : Validation of certain Act and Regulations.
Article 31C : Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.
Article 33 : Power of parliament to modify the rights conferred by this part in their application to Forces, etc.
Article 34 : Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while material law is in force in any area.
**Article 35 : ** Legislation to give effect to the provisions of certain Fundamental Rights.