Why VETO power?
VETO Power are used by President when-
- Bills are passed in haste.
- A bill pass without sufficient majority.
- A bill is unconstitutional.
Therefore, VETO Power Act as a intermediary check before judiciary examine the constitutionality.
VETO Power should not be called separation of people will. This power act as strategies intervention and not interference. VETO Power should not be called empty power because they have been used effectively in past.
Article-111 says that when president receive the bill from parliament, he may-
- Give assent and thus bill become act.
- With hold the assent and therefore, prevent the bill from becoming act. It's cold exercise of Absolute VETO.
This power is exercised by president or advise of PM and CoM(Council of Ministers) when the bill is a private member bill or bill of previous government.
- He may send the bill(not money bill) to parliament passes the same bill with and without changes, President shall his assent. It's called Suspensive VETO.
The criticize argue that Suspensive VETO serve no purpose. It is wrong to say this as the VETO by parliament send the strong message to the country. It is deficult for government of the day to get the same bill passed. If it does, President VETO power can be criticized as President has performed his constitutional duty.
- In Article-111, does not mention any time period with in which president shall make his dicision. Therefore, President have fourth alternative of keeping the bill pending the bill on his table indefinetly it is called Pocket VETO.
Note : After 24th CAA(Constitutional Ammendment Act) 1971, President does not have VETO power in case of CAB.